Climate Prediction and Its Application

Extreme events and their relations with tropical climate variations.
Extreme events and their relations with tropical climate variations.

Climate prediction and application researches to provide the best climate services to the society.

Climate variations and change have huge impacts on our lives. Japan and most parts of Asia are influenced by the seasonal monsoon variability and the interannual climate modes such as Indian Ocean Dipole, El Nino and El Nino Modoki. Our research objectives are therefore related to understand the physical and dynamical processes of tropical oceans and atmosphere, to predict climate variations on time scales of months to years, to understand the mechanisms and to develop evidence based climate services for the society by utilizing AI/ML. Besides data analyses, we rely on the computer simulation results because of data scarcity in large parts of oceans. Our state of the art global ocean-atmosphere coupled models not only simulate ocean and climate processes accurately but also predict climate fluctuations at long lead times. In addition to the understanding of climate impacts on societies, we also aim to study climate impacts on regional ocean processes. The inter-relation between climate and small-scale ocean processes is not only a key to ocean and climate predictions but also important for sustainable management of marine resources.